Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are vehicles that can flight without a pilot on board. There are two types of UAVs: aircrafts and multirotors, which have different dynamic characteristics and capabilities (autonomy, maneuverability, load capacity, etc.). On one side, aircrafts are able to travel large distances using low energy, thanks to the lift which is provided by their wings. On the other side, multirotors are characterized by their great maneuverability and their stationary flight capacity (hovering). The latter have a high energy consumption because the lift and the maneuverability of the vehicle are provided only by the propellers. This results in reduced autonomy and travelling velocities.
Taking into account the differences between these two types of UAVs and given the operational requirements to carry out the different missions, there is a need for a vehicle with a hybrid functionality, i.e. that it behaves like an aircraft when it is necessary to flight large distances and as a multirotor when it is necessary to perform aggressive maneuvers or stationary flight. This concept of hybrid aerial vehicle is novel and results in the specialized literature have not been reported yet. In order to achieve the autonomy of the hybrid UAV, this project proposes the development and implementation of an advanced control system that allows to control these type of vehicles, achieving a higher degree of autonomy and better performance, guaranteeing the safety of the vehicle under different operating conditions.
CAID 2016 UNL